By: Andrew Schrank


The confluence of globalization and democratization places developing countries and their policymakers on the horns of a dilemma: although regulations are potentially costly, and are thus a threat to their competitiveness, deregulation is broadly unpopular, and is thus a threat to their electoral success. By empowering skilled professionals to address the root causes of noncompliance in a holistic manner, however, Latin American democracies are beginning to make regulation rewarding as well as popular—and by doing so they are reconciling social and environmental protection with economic development and democracy in potentially invaluable ways.


The challenge with new policy is in ensuring its compliance by people (refer to network article here). Nowhere is this challenge experienced more than it is in Water Management. Expecting a change in water usage carries with it an economic and human risk, particularly in agriculture, that is a big deterrent to the adoption of water saving technologies.

This article gives a way forward. It suggests the creation of hybrid institutions that are both regulatory and supportive. Such institutions would act both as normative compliance enforcers and as guides to help organizations adopt the processes required to become compliant. This approach would be especially useful for small farmers and small businessmen with low knowledge capacities and low risk taking abilities. This approach would also fit well with the Network Management Systems - refer to network article here - by the same researcher.  


Research on hybrid - compliance and support - institutions in water policy implementation. Do the observations for the Water sector echo those in the paper?

Sectoral response of stakeholders to compliance demands of Water Policy. Analyze the same to find evidence for need of hybrid institutions.  

Impact of Managed Flexibility in Water Policy compliance in Virtual Water Supply chains.